Human Resources |
The key to productivity is fewer interruptions suggests psychological researcher Larry Rosen, Ph.D., as cited by the American Psychological Association’s (APA) 2017 feature on boosting productivity. But that is not realistic for most adults working full time. When balancing a workload, family meals, children’s academics, personal fitness goals and more, the endless list of obligations makes it difficult to maintain an attention span on one thing for more than a few minutes.
One of Rosen’s strategies is to leverage the habit of taking breaks. He recommends that people reward themselves with a few minutes of checking their phones or messages after just 15 minutes of uninterrupted work.
While 15 minutes doesn’t seem like enough time to accomplish much, Rosen says, “Once you learn how to work for 15 minutes, start increasing the time before taking a technology break.”
Rosen’s research and other studies have shown that the eight-hour workday isn’t the most effective or efficient way to maintain productivity. In fact, breaking up the workday — including the onslaught of standing meetings — can drastically change a person’s energy levels and lead to more sustainable outputs in the long run.
Having a long workday with multiple large tasks can be daunting, especially if you do not know where to begin or are prone to procrastination. Using the strategies below can help you develop time management skills that will increase your productivity over time while protecting you from burnout and overworking.
The Pomodoro Technique was created in the 1980s by Francesco Cirillo as a time management strategy designed for sustaining energy and attention. It works by creating a simple timetable for completing work so that you can set achievable goals with small increments of time.
This technique can help you discover how long it actually takes to complete a task and set more realistic expectations for future time management. It can also help you stay focused by rewarding yourself with rest in between each task.
Here are other strategies to try to increase your productivity.
For many people, maximizing productivity can depend on their own internal clocks —known as circadian rhythms External link — that regulate when the body feels the most alert and energetic. Harnessing the benefits of the circadian rhythm may take some initial self-reflection to identify when you feel the most energetic and then plan your day accordingly.
Newhouse School Online compiled research on peak productivity hours for early birds and night owls. The following timeline provides a sample of two daily schedules that may help you get the most done during your day — whether you’re an early riser or a late nighter.
Take a personal inventory of your energy levels. What time of day do you feel the most awake? How can you leverage your sleep schedule to feel more rested each day? Whether you are an early bird or a night owl, the timelines below may help you be more productive during your workday.
5:30 a.m.: Wake up.
6 a.m.: Eat breakfast. The best time is within 30 minutes of waking up.
6:30 a.m.: Exercise. It can be easier to stick with a morning exercise routine because the timing is less likely to conflict with other responsibilities.
7:30 a.m.: Send emails. Emails sent between 6 a.m. and 9 a.m. are more likely to be opened and receive a response.
8 a.m.: Commute. On average, it takes Americans 25.4 minutes to commute to work.
8:30 a.m.: Prioritize your day. Make a list of the things you want to accomplish during the day.
9 a.m.: Work on the most difficult item on your to-do list. The morning is when you are most alert and can focus best.
10 a.m.: Take a coffee break. Aim for midmorning to optimize productivity. Coffee is most effective between 9 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. when cortisol (a natural hormone that regulates energy) levels are lower.
10:30 a.m.: Schedule an interview. Avoid lunchtime and the last hours of the day because interviewees tend to be unfairly judged later in the day.
11:45 a.m.: Plan the afternoon. This ensures that you can take a break for lunch and be productive immediately when you return.
Noon: Eat lunch. Take a break and get away from your workspace instead of eating at your computer.
2:30 p.m.: Schedule meetings. This is the best time for meetings as people tend to have more time as the day wears on. One study found that this time slot on Tuesdays is the most popular.
3 p.m.: Eat a snack. Make sure you don’t have too long a gap between lunch and dinner.
4 p.m.: Work on a physical task. Hand-eye coordination peaks in the late afternoon.
5 p.m.: Commute.
6 p.m.: Brainstorm. Creativity is at its peak when you are less alert.
6:30 p.m.: Eat dinner. Try to eat at least three hours before going to bed to maintain a healthy metabolism.
8 p.m.: Relax and pursue interests. If you have a side project or artistic hobby, the late evening is a good time for creativity as fatigue lowers inhibitions and opens you up to unusual ideas.
9:30 p.m.: Go to sleep. Adults should aim to get between seven and nine hours of sleep each night.
7 a.m.: Wake up.
7:30 a.m.: Eat breakfast.
8 a.m.: Send emails.
8:30 a.m.: Commute.
9 a.m.: Brainstorm.
10 a.m.: Take a coffee break.
10:30 a.m.: Schedule an interview.
Noon: Plan the afternoon.
12:30 p.m.: Eat lunch away from your workspace.
2:30 p.m.: Schedule meetings.
3 p.m.: Take a break. Make time to refresh for 10 to 30 minutes for the rest of the afternoon.
4 p.m.: Work on the most difficult item on your to-do list. The afternoon is when you are most alert and can focus best.
5 p.m.: Make a to-do list for the next day. Focus on the things you want to accomplish tomorrow and draft important emails to be sent the next morning.
5:30 p.m.: Commute.
6 p.m.: Exercise. This is when reaction time is quickest, blood pressure and heart rate are lowest and body temperature is almost at its peak. Be sure to eat a snack before the workout if you haven’t eaten since lunch.
8:30 p.m.: Eat dinner.
9:30 p.m.: Relax and pursue interests.
11 p.m.: Prepare for the next day. Pack your stuff, choose your outfit and take out breakfast ingredients.
11:30 p.m.: Go to sleep.
Care for Self, Care for Others (May 2020)
Successfully Managing Remote Employees (Apr 2020)
Wellness Reimagined: Two Schools’ Approach During COVID-19 (May 2020)
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